The dropped out: Redescribing chronic mental illness as a question about communities

Orvik, J. / Published 1992 / Article

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Citation: Orvik, J.M. (1992). The dropped out: Redescribing chronic mental illness as a question about communities. In M.K. Roberts, & R.M. Bergner, (Eds.). Clinical Topics: Contributions to the Conceptualization and Treatment of Adolescent-Family Problems, Bulimia, Chronic Mental Illness, and Mania. Advances in Descriptive Psychology, Vol. 6 (pp. 271-297). Ann Arbor, MI: Descriptive Psychology Press.

Abstract: Concepts from Descriptive Psychology are used in redescribing chronically mentally ill persons as individuals who have been "dropped out" of their various communities. These communities can include the entire range of possibilities: friendships, families, neighborhoods, municipalities, nations, and cultures. An approach to treatment is outlined that stresses changing these communities as a way to increase the client's behavior potential. This formulation is presented as an alternative to those approaches that stress changing the mentally ill individual as the main goal of treatment.